All Posts

Extensive regional variation in the phenology of insects and their response to temperature across North America

Climate change models often assume similar responses to temperatures across the range of a species, but local adaptation or phenotypic plasticity can lead plants and animals to respond differently to temperature in different parts of their range. To date, there have been few tests of this assumption at the scale of continents, so it is unclear if this is a large-scale problem.

Translating virome analyses to support biosecurity, on-farm management, and crop breeding

Virome analysis via high-throughput sequencing (HTS) allows rapid and massive virus identification and diagnoses, expanding our focus from individual samples to the ecological distribution of viruses in agroecological landscapes. Decreases in sequencing costs combined with technological advances, such as automation and robotics, allow for efficient processing and analysis of numerous samples in plant disease clinics, tissue culture laboratories, and breeding programs.

Covid-19 vaccine acceptance among individuals incarcerated in Connecticut state jails

COVID-19 has disproportionately affected people who experience incarceration in state or federal run correctional facilities. To mitigate transmission and disease burden, US state and federal Departments of Correction (DOCs) implemented vaccine programs in the winter of 2020–2021. However, vaccine hesitancy is common among incarcerated populations due to distrust of the medical community and uncertainty around vaccine effectiveness.

Leveraging mHealth and a milk expression frequency biomarker during postpartum to prolong lactation among parents of critically ill infants: a pilot study

U.S. initiatives to meet the recently concluded Healthy People 2020 goals have made strides in improving breastfeeding rates and reducing supplementation of formula. Yet while only 58% of U.S. infants receive some amount of mother’s own milk (MOM) at 6 months of age, just 50% of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants receive MOM at discharge–a mean duration of 2 months. This rate is starkly lower (34.4%) for Black infants compared to non-Hispanic white infants (56%).