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SEER Lab personnel actively publish in the peer-reviewed literature across a wide range of disease systems and topics. Threaded through each is our interest in the spatio-temporal dynamics or transmission mechanisms associated with zoonoses or other spillover diseases with strong environmental drivers and/or abiotic/non-reproductive reservoirs. SEER Lab maintains active collaborations nationally and internationally. A number of those collaborations are reflected in the papers represented here. *Indicates SEER Lab student authors.

We publish Open Access whenever possible. Occasionally, SEER Lab publications are behind pay walls. If there is a paper below that interests you and it is not Open Access, please email Jason Blackburn for a PDF copy. We will send you digital reprints of any SEER lab publication.


In Press




*Barro, A.S., M. Fegan, B. Moloney, K. Porter, J. Muller, S. Warner, J.K. Blackburn. 2016. Redefining the Australian Anthrax Belt: modeling the ecological niche and predicting the geographic distribution of Bacillus anthracis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(6):e0004689. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004689.


Boswell, K. M., G. Rieucau, J. J. Vollenweider, J. R. Moran, R. A. Heintz, J. K. Blackburn, and D. J. Csepp. 2016. Are spatial and temporal patterns in Lynn Canal overwintering Pacific herring related to top predator activity? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences.


Curtis, A., J. K. Blackburn, S. L. Smiley, M. Yen, A. Camilli, M. T. Alam, A. Ali, and J. G. Morris. 2016. Mapping to Support Fine Scale Epidemiological Cholera Investigations: A Case Study of Spatial Video in Haiti. International journal of environmental research and public health 13:187.


*Morris, L.M., K.M. Proffitt, J.K. Blackburn. 2016. Mapping resource selection functions in wildlife studies: Concerns and recommendations. Applied Geography 76: 173-183. 


*Morris, L.M. and Blackburn, J.K. 2016Predicting disease risk, identifying stakeholders, and informing control strategies: A case study of anthrax in Montana. EcoHealth. DOI: 10.1007/s10393-016-1119-7


*Morris, L. R., K. M. Proffitt, V. Asher, and J. K. Blackburn. 2016. Elk resource selection and implications for anthrax management in Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management 80(2): 235-244.


Séraphin, M.N., M. Lauzardo, R.T. Doggett, J. Zabala, J.G. Morris, Jr., J.K. Blackburn. 2016. Spatiotemporal Clustering of Mycobacterium tuberculosisComplex Genotypes in Florida: Genetic Diversity Segregated by Country of Birth. PLoS ONE 11(4): e0153575. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153575


Shimwela, Mpoki M., Randy C. Ploetz, Fen D. Beed, Jeffrey B. Jones, Jason K. Blackburn, Shabani I. Mkulila, and Ariena H. C. van Bruggen. 2016.Banana Xanthomonas Wilt Continues to Spread in Tanzania despite an Intensive Symptomatic Plant Removal Campaign: An Impending Socio-Economic and Ecological Disaster. Food Security, 1–13. doi:10.1007/s12571-016-0609-3.

Switzer, A., L. Munson, C. Beesley, P. Wilkins, J.K. Blackburn, Laurie Marker. 2016Namibian farmland cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) demonstrate seronegativity for antibodies against Bacillus anthracisAfrican Journal of Wildlife Research. 

Turner, W.C., K.L. Kausrud, W. Beyer, W.R. Easterday, Z.R. Barandongo, E. Blaschke, C.C. Cloete, J. Lazak, M.N.Van Ert, H.H. Ganz, P.C.B. Turnbull, N.Chr. Stenseth, W.M. Getz. 2016. Lethal Exposure: An integrated approach to pathogen transmission via environmental reservoirs. Nature Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 27311 doi: 10.1038/srep27311.




*Barro, A. S., I. T. Kracalik*, L. Malania, N. Tsertsvadze, J. Manvelyan, P. Imnadze, and J. K. Blackburn. 2015. Identifying hotspots of human anthrax transmission using three local clustering techniques. Applied Geography 60:29–36.


Blackburn, J. K., I. T. Kracalik*, and J. M. Fair. 2015. Applying Science: opportunities to inform disease management policy with cooperative research within a One Health framework. Frontiers in public health 3.


Blackburn, J. K., M. O. Odugbo, M. Van Ert, B. O’Shea, J. Mullins, V. Perrenten, A. Maho, M. Hugh-Jones, and T. Hadfield. 2015. Bacillus anthracisDiversity and Geographic Potential across Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad: Further Support of a Novel West African Lineage. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9:e0003931.


Elashvili, E., I. Kracalik*, I. Burjanadze, S. Datukishvili, G. Chanturia, N. Tsertsvadze, L. Beridze, M. Shavishvili, A. Dzneladze, M. Grdzelidze, P. Imnadze, A. Pearson, J.K. Blackburn. 2015. Environmental Monitoring and Surveillance of Rodents and Vectors for Francisella tularensis Following Outbreaks of Human Tularemia in Georgia. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 15:633–636.


*Kracalik, I., L. Malania, P. Imnadze, and J. K. Blackburn. 2015. Human Anthrax Transmission at the Urban–Rural Interface, Georgia. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 93:1156–1159.


*Kracalik, I., R. Abdullayev, K. Asadov, R. Ismayilova, M. Baghirova, N. Ustun, M. Shikhiyev, A. Talibzade, and J. Blackburn. 2015. Human Brucellosis Trends: Re‐emergence and Prospects for Control Using a One Health Approach in Azerbaijan (1983–2009). Zoonoses and Public Health.


*Mullins, J. C., M. Ert, T. Hadfield, M. P. Nikolich, M. E. Hugh-Jones, and J. K. Blackburn. 2015. Spatio-temporal patterns of an anthrax outbreak in white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginanus, and associated genetic diversity of Bacillus anthracis. BMC ecology 15:1.


Walker, R., and J. Blackburn. 2015. Biothreat Reduction and Economic Development: The Case of Animal Husbandry in Central Asia. Frontiers in public health 3.




Bezymennyi, M., Bagamian, K.H.p, *Barro, A.g, Skrypnyk, A., Skrypnyk, V., Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Spatio-temporal patterns of livestock anthrax in Ukraine during the past century (1913-2012). Applied Geography 54:129-138.


Karoun H. Bagamianp, Artem Skrypnyk, Yana Rodina, Maksym Bezymennyi, Oleg Nevolko,Valeriy Skrypnyk, Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Serological anthrax surveillance in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Ukraine. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 14(8) 618-620.


Blackburn, J.K., Skrypnyk, A., Bagamian, K.p, Nikolich, M., Bezymennyi, M., Skrypnyk, 2014. Anthrax in a backyard domestic dog in Ukraine: a case report. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 14(8): 615-617.


Blackburn, J.K., *Diamond, U., *Kracalik, I.T., Widmer, J., Brown, W., *Morrissey, B., Alexander, K.A., Curtis, A., Afsar, A., Morris, Jr., J.G. 2014.Household-level spatio-temporal patterns of incidence of cholera, Haiti, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases 20(9):1516-1519.


Blackburn, J.K., Van Ert, M.E., *Mullins, J.C g., Hadfield, T.L., Hugh-Jones, M.E. 2014. The necrophagous fly anthrax transmission pathway: empirical and genetic evidence from wildlife epizootics. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 14(8): 576-583.


*Kracalik, I.T., Abdullayev, R., Asadov, K., Ismayilova, R., Baghirova, M., Ustun, N., Shikhiyev, M., Talibzade, A., Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Changing patterns of human anthrax in Azerbaijan in the Post-Soviet and preemptive livestock vaccination eras. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(7); e2985. doi:  10.1371/journal.pntd.0002985


Widmer, J., Weppelmann, T., Alam, M., Morrissey, D., Redden, E., Rashid, M., *Diamond, U., Ali, A., de Rochars, V., Blackburn, J.K., Johnson, J.A., Morris, J.G. 2014. Water-Related Infrastructure in a Region of Post-Earthquake Haiti: High Levels of Fecal contamination, and Need for Ongoing Monitoring. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published online July 28, 2014, pii: 14-0165.


Blackburn, J.K., Hadfield, T.L., Curtis, A.J., Hugh-Jones, M.E. 2014. Spatial and temporal patterns of anthrax in white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, and hematophagous flies in west Texas during the summertime anthrax risk period. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 104(5):939-958.


Blackburn, J.K., Asher, V., Stokke, S., Hunter, D.L, Alexander, K.A. 2014. Dances with anthrax: wolves (Canis lupus) kill anthrax bacteremic bison in southwestern Montana. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50(2): 393-936.


Patrick J Kelly, Helene M Lucas, Craig M Randolph, Kate Ackerson, Jason K Blackburn, Michael J Dark. 2014. Efficacy of slow-release tags impregnated with aggregation-attachment pheromone and deltamethrin for control of Amblyomma variegatum on St. Kitts, West Indies. Parasites and Vectors 7:182.

Kracalik, I.T., Malania, L., Tsertsvadze, N., Manvelyan, J., Bakanidze, L., Imnadze, P., Tsanava, S., Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Human Cutaneous Anthrax in the Country of Georgia 2010-2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases 20(2): 261-264.


Skrypnyk, V., R. Koziy, A. Skrypnyk, I. Rublenko, K. H. Bagamianp, J. Farlow, M. Nikolich, A. Mezhenskiy, O. Nevolko, J.K. Blackburn. 2014. Anthrax in dogs. уча СучаССні наукові розробки 1:14-17.





Alexander, K.A. and Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Overcoming barriers in evaluating outbreaks of diarrheal disease in resource poor settings: assessment of recurrent outbreaks in Chobe District, Botswana. BMC Public Health. 13:775.




Blackburn, J.K. and D.G. Goodin. 2013. Differentiation of Springtime Vegetation Indices Associated with Summer Anthrax Epizootics in West Texas, USA, Deer. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(3): 699-703.


Blackburn, J.K. 2013. A need for a One Health approach to anthrax surveillance and control. One Health Newsletter 6(1): Winter volume. Florida Department of Public Health. Available online.


Curtis, A., J.K. Blackburn, J. Widmer, J.G. Morris. 2013. A ubiquitous method for street scale spatial data collection and analysis in challenging urban environments: mapping health risks using spatial video in Haiti. International Journal of Health Geographics 12:21 doi:10.1186/1476-072-12-21.


Kracalik, I.T., Malania, L., Tsertsvadze, N., Manvelyan, J., Bakanidze, L., Imnadze, P., Tsanava, S., Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Evidence of local persistence of human anthrax in the country of Georgia associated with environmental and anthropogenic factors. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.


Mamisashvili, M., Kracalik, I.T., Onashvili, T., Kerdzevadze, L., Goginashvili, K., Tigilauri, T., Donduashvili, M., Nikolaishvili, M., Beradze, I., Zakareishvili, M., Kokhreidze, M., Gelashvili, M., Vepkhvadze, N., Racz, S.E., Elzer, P.H., Nikolich, M.P., Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Seroprevalence of brucellosis in livestock within three endemic regions of the country of Georgia. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 110: 554-557. First published online 2012.


Morris, J.G., Grattan, L.M., Mayer, B.M., Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Physcological Responses and Resilience of People and Communities Impacted by the Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association 124: 191-201.


Morris, L.R., Blackburn, J.K., Talibzade, A., Kracalik, I.T., Ismaylova, R., Abdullayhev, R. 2013. Informing Plague Surveillance in the Lowland Plague Focus of Azerbaijan Using a Historic Dataset. Journal of Applied Geography 45:269-279.


Mullins, JC, Garofolo, G, Van Ert, M, Fasanella, A, Luknova, L, Hugh-Jones, ME, Blackburn, JK. 2013. Ecological Niche Modeling of Bacillus anthracis on Three Continents: Evidence for Genetic-Ecological Divergence? PLoS ONE 8(8): e72451. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072451




Abdullayev, R., I. T. Kracalik, R. Ismayilova, N. Ustun, A. Talibzade, and J. K. Blackburn. 2012. Analyzing the spatial and temporal distribution of human brucellosis in Azerbaijan (1995-2009) using spatial and spatio-temporal statistics. BMC Infectious Diseases 12:185.


Alexander, K. A., J. K. Blackburn, M. E. Vandewalle, R. Pesapane, E. K. Baipoledi, and P. H. Elzer. 2012. Buffalo, Bush Meat, and the Zoonotic Threat of Brucellosis in Botswana. PloS one 7:e32842.


Alexander, K. A., B. Lewis, M. Marathe, S. Eubank, and J. K. Blackburn. 2012. Modeling of Wildlife Associated Zoonoses: Applications and Caveats. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. Ahead of Print Available.


Bagamian, K. H., R. J. Douglass, A. Alvarado, A. J. Kuenzi, B. R. Amman, L. A. Waller, and J. N. Mills. 2012. Population Density and Seasonality Effects on Sin Nombre Virus Transmission in North American Deermice (Peromyscus maniculatus) in Outdoor Enclosures. PloS one 7:e37254.


Bagamian, K. H., J. S. Towner, A. J. Kuenzi, R. J. Douglass, P. E. Rollin, L. A. Waller, and J. N. Mills. 2012b. Transmission Ecology of Sin Nombre Hantavirus in Naturally Infected North American Deermouse Populations in Outdoor Enclosures. PloS one 7:e47731.


Carver, S., A. Kuenzi, K. H. Bagamian, J. N. Mills, P. E. Rollin, S. N. Zanto, and R. Douglass. 2011. A temporal dilution effect: hantavirus infection in deer mice and the intermittent presence of voles in Montana. Oecologia 166:713-721.


Fasanella, A., G. Garofolo, M. Hossain, M. Shamsuddin, J. Blackburn, and M. Hugh-Jones. 2012. Bangladesh anthrax outbreaks are probably caused by contaminated livestock feed. Epidemiology and Infection 1:1-8.


Kracalik, I. T., J. K. Blackburn, L. Lukhnova, Y. Pazilov, M. E. Hugh-Jones, and A. Aikimbayev. 2012. Analyzing the spatial patterns of livestock anthrax in Kazakhstan in relation to environmental factors: a comparison of local (Gi*) and morphology cluster statistics. Geospatial health 7(1):111-126.




Alexander, K. A., J. K. Blackburn, and E. A. Frimpong. 2011. Trails and Tribulations-Buffalo and Maslow’s hammer. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9:302-303.


Kracalik, I., L. Lukhnova, A. Aikimbayev, Y. Pazilov, G. Temiralyeva, and J. K. Blackburn. 2011. Incorporating retrospective clustering into a prospective cusum methodology for anthrax: Evaluating the effects of disease expectation. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology 2:11-21.


Lentz, J. A., J. K. Blackburn, and A. J. Curtis. 2011. Evaluating patterns of a white-band disease (WBD) outbreak in Acropora palmata using spatial analysis: a comparison of transect and colony clustering. PloS one 6:e21830.


Mullins, J., L. Lukhnova, A. Aikimbayev, Y. Pazilov, M. Van Ert, and J. K. Blackburn. 2011. Ecological Niche Modelling of the Bacillus anthracis A1. a sub-lineage in Kazakhstan. BMC Ecology 11.




Aikembayev, A. M., L. Lukhnova, G. Temiraliyeva, T. Meka-Mechenko, Y. Pazylov, S. Zakaryan, G. Denissov, W. R. Easterday, M. N. Van Ert, P. Keim, S. C. Francesconi, J. K. Blackburn, M. E. Hugh-Jones, and T. L. Hadfield. 2010. Historical distribution and molecular diversity of Bacillus anthracis, Kazakhstan. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16:789-796.


Blackburn, J. 2010. Integrating geographic information systems and ecological niche modeling into disease ecology: a case study of Bacillus anthracis in the United States and Mexico. Pages 59-88 in E. W. S. K.P. O’Connell, A. Sulakvelidze, L. Bakanidze, editor. Emerging and Endemic Pathogens: Advances in Surveillance, Detection, and Identification. Springer.


Blackburn, J., A. Curtis, T. Hadfield, B. O’Shea, M. Mitchell, and M. Hugh-Jones. 2010. Confirmation of Bacillus anthracis from Flesh-eating Flies Collected during a West Texas Anthrax Season. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 46:918.


Blackburn, J., M. Mitchell, M. Blackburn, A. Curtis, and B. Thompson. 2010. Evidence of Antibiotic Resistance in Free-Swimming, Top-Level Marine Predatory Fishes. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 41:7-16.


Blackburn, J. K. 2010. A Review of “HIV/AIDS Global Frontiers in Prevention/Intervention”. Professional Geographer 62:292-293.


Joyner, T., L. Lukhnova, Y. Pazilov, G. Temiralyeva, M. Hugh-Jones, A. Aikimbayev, and J. Blackburn. 2010. Modeling the potential distribution of bacillus anthracis under multiple climate change scenarios for Kazakhstan. PloS one 5:e9596.