SEER Lab personnel actively publish in the peer-reviewed literature across a wide range of disease systems and topics. Threaded through each is our interest in the spatio-temporal dynamics or transmission mechanisms associated with zoonoses or other spillover diseases with strong environmental drivers and/or abiotic/non-reproductive reservoirs. SEER Lab maintains active collaborations nationally and internationally. A number of those collaborations are reflected in the papers represented here. *Indicates SEER Lab student authors.

We publish Open Access whenever possible. Occasionally, SEER Lab publications are behind pay walls. If there is a paper below that interests you and it is not Open Access, please email Jason Blackburn for a PDF copy. We will send you digital reprints of any SEER lab publication.



SEER Lab Director, Dr. Jason Blackburn, has been interviewed twice by Outbreak News Today recently. These podcasts offer some insights into SEER Lab's geospatial modeling efforts and field work to better understand anthrax globally and in wildlife of West Texas.

Global anthrax mapping

Investigating anthrax in West Texas


In Press of In Review (as of 8 October 2020)

Campione, A.M., Orange, J.P., Dinh, E.T.N, Shuman, R.M., Peters, C., Wisely, S.M., Blackburn, J.K. Submitted. Diel trends in movement and habitat selection of wild and ranched white-tailed deer in Florida: implications for vector exposure. Journal of Applied Ecology.


Dinh, E.T.N., Orange, J.P., Shuman, R.M., Wisely, S.M., Blackburn, J.K. In Review. Resource selection by wild and ranched white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) during the epizootic hemorrhagic disease transmission season in Florida. BMC Ecology.


Martin, James L, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Efrain Beltran Ayala, Erin A Mordecai, Rachel Sippy, Froilan Heras, Jason K Blackburn, and Sadie J Ryan. 2020. “Household and Climate Factors Influence Aedes Aegypti Risk in the Arid City of Huaquillas, Ecuador.” BioRxiv. Under Review at PLOS NTDS.


Norris, M.H., Kirpich, A., Bluhm, A.P., Zincke, D., Hadfield, T., Ponciano, J.M., Blackburn, J.K. In Review. Alteration of exosporium surface oligosaccharides: evidence of convergent patho-evolution in Bacillus anthracis. PLOS Biology.


Orange, J.P., Dinh, E.T.N., Goodfriend, O., Citino, S.B., Wisely, S.M., Blackburn, J.K. In Re-Review. Evidence of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus and bluetongue virus exposure in non-native ruminant species in Northern Florida. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Management.


Orange, J.P., Dinh, E.T.N., Shuman, R., Wisely, S.M., Blackburn, J.K. In Re-Review. Inter-annual site fidelity of wild and ranched white-tailed deer in Florida: implications for epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus and bluetongue virus intervention. European Journal of Wildlife Research.


Ponciano, José Miguel, Juan Adolfo Ponciano, Juan Pablo Gómez, Robert D Holt, and Jason K Blackburn. 2020. “Poverty Levels, Societal and Individual Heterogeneities Explain the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic Growth in Latin America.” ArXiv Preprint ArXiv:2005.11201


Walker, M.A., Uribasterra, M.G., Asher, V., Ponciano, J.M., Getz, W.M., Ryan, S.J., Blackburn, J.K. In Press. Ungulate Use of Locally Infectious Zones (LIZs) in a Re-Emerging Anthrax Risk Area. Royal Society Open Science.

Walker, M.A., Uribasterra, M.G., Asher, V., Getz, W.M., Ryan, S.J., Ponciano, J.M., Blackburn, J.K. In Review. Factors influencing scavenger guilds and scavenger efficiency in Southwestern Montana. Nature Scientific Reports.

Walker, M.A., Uribasterra, M.G., Asher, V., Getz, W.M., Ryan, S.J., Ponciano, J.M., Blackburn, J.K. In Review. Not all scavengersL the unique role of Turkey Vultures in anthrax surveillance and limited overlap between obligate scavengers and anthrax zones in the United States. The Condor: Ornithological Applications. 

Zincke, D., M.H. Norris, B. Kurmanov, W.S. McGraw, D.J. Daegling, J. Krigbaum, .T.T.H. Ha, T. Hadfield, J.K. Blackburn. In Review. TaqMan assays for simultaneous detection of Bacillus anthracis and Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis. Pathogens.




Cauvin*, Allison, Emily TN Dinh*, Jeremy P Orange, Rebecca M Shuman, Jason K Blackburn, and Samantha M Wisely. 2020. “Antibodies to Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) in Farmed and Wild Florida White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus Virginianus).” Journal of Wildlife Diseases 56 (1): 208–13. PDF: Cauvin2020_EHDVserology


Dinh*, Emily TN, Allison Cauvin, Jeremy P Orange, Rebecca M Shuman, Samantha M Wisely, and Jason K Blackburn. 2020. “Living La Vida T-LoCoH: Site Fidelity of Florida Ranched and Wild White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus Virginianus) during the Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease Virus (EHDV) Transmission Period.” Movement Ecology 8 (1): 1–9.


Magazine cover photo with two zebras in Namibia.Easterday, W Ryan, José Miguel Ponciano, Juan Pablo Gomez, Matthew N Van Ert, Ted Hadfield, Karoun Bagamian, Jason K Blackburn, Nils Chr Stenseth, and Wendy C Turner. 2020. “Coalescence Modeling of Intrainfection Bacillus Anthracis Populations Allows Estimation of Infection Parameters in Wild Populations.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117 (8): 4273–80.

Note: our paper received the cover of PNAS with an amazing photo by Ryan Easterday.


Lippi*, Catherine A, Liang Mao, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, Naveed Heydari, Efraín Beltrán Ayala, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena, Jason K Blackburn, and Sadie J Ryan. 2020. “A Network Analysis Framework to Improve the Delivery of Mosquito Abatement Services in Machala, Ecuador.” International Journal of Health Geographics 19 (1): 1–14.


Norris, Michael H, and Jason K Blackburn. 2020. “Raxibacumab: A Panacea for Anthrax Disease?” The Lancet. Infectious Diseases. PDF: Norris and Blackburn Commentary

Norris, M.H. Hang, T., Walker, M.A., Bluhm, A.P., Schweizer, H.P., Zincke, D., Trung, T.T., Nga, V.T., Ngoc, P.T., Unger, F., Blackburn, J.K., Nguyen, T.T.H. 2020. Distribution of Serological Response to Burkholderia pseodomallei in Swine from Three Provinces of Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17(14), 5203.

Rojas, Alexis, Gregory P Dietl, Michał Kowalewski, Roger W Portell, Austin Hendy, and Jason K Blackburn. 2020. “Spatial Point Pattern Analysis of Traces (SPPAT): An Approach for Visualizing and Quantifying Site-Selectivity Patterns of Drilling Predators.” Paleobiology, 1–13.


Uribasterra, M.G., J.P. Orange, E.T.N. Dinh, C. Peters, R.M. Peters, O. Goodfriend, S.M. Wisely, J.K. Blackburn. 2020. Epizootic hemorrhagic Disease Virus and Bluetongue Seroprevalence in Wild White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Florida. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 56(4): 928-932. PDF: Uribasterra et al. 2020 Deer

Yang, Anni*, Juan Pablo Gomez, and Jason K Blackburn. 2020. “Exploring Environmental Coverages of Species: A New Variable Contribution Estimation Methodology for Rulesets from the Genetic Algorithm for Rule-Set Prediction.” PeerJ 8: e8968.


Yang, A., K.M. Proffitt, V. Asher, S.J. Ryan, J.K. Blackburn. 2020. Sex-specific Elk Resource Selection during the Anthrax Risk Period. Journal of Wildlife Management. PDF: Yang et al. 2020 Elk RSF

Zincke, Diansy, Michael H Norris, Berzhan Kurmanov, Ted L Hadfield, and Jason K Blackburn. 2020. “Nucleotide Polymorphism Assay for the Identification of West African Group Bacillus Anthracis: A Lineage Lacking Anthrose.” BMC Microbiology 20 (1): 6.




Bulterys, P.L., Toesca, I.J., Norris, M.H., Maloy, J.P., Fitz-Gibbon, S.T., France, B., Toffig, B. Morselli, M., Somprasong, N., Pellegrini, M. Schweizer, H.P., Tuanyok, A., Damoiseaux, R., French, C.T., Miller, J.F. 2019. An in situ high-throughput screen identifies inhibitors of intracellular Burkholderia pseudomallei with therapeutic efficacy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. 201906388; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1906388116.

Cauvin*, Allison, Karen Hood, Rebecca Shuman, Jeremy Orange, Jason K Blackburn, Katherine A Sayler, and Samantha M Wisely. 2019. “The Impact of Vector Control on the Prevalence of Theileria Cervi in Farmed Florida White-Tailed Deer, Odocoileus Virginianus.” Parasites & Vectors 12 (1): 100.


*Carlson, Colin J., Ian T. Kracalik*, Noam Ross, Kathleen A. Alexander, Martin E. Hugh-Jones, Mark Fegan, Brett T. Elkin, T. Epp, T.K. Shury, W. Zhang, M. Bagirova, W.M. Getz, J.K. Blackburn. 2019. “The Global Distribution of Bacillus Anthracis and Associated Anthrax Risk to Humans, Livestock and Wildlife.” Nature Microbiology 4 (8): 1337–43.


*Carlson, C. J., W. Getz, K. Kausrud, C. Cizauskas, J. Blackburn, F. A. B. Carrillo, R. Colwell, W. R. Easterday, H. Ganz, and P. Kamath. 2019. Spores and soil from six sides: interdisciplinarity and the environmental biology of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis). Biological Reviews 93(4):1813-1831. PDF: Carlson et al. 2018


Chirakul, S., Somprasong, N., Norris, M.H., Wuthiekanun, V. Chantratita, N., Tuanyok, A., and Schweizer, H.P. Burkholderia pseudomallei acquired ceftazidime resistance due to gene duplication and amplification. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents. 2019 May 53(5) 582-588. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2019.01.003. PDF: Chirakul et al. 2019

Lippi*, Catherine A, Anna M Stewart-Ibarra, ME Franklin Bajaña Loor, Jose E Duenas Zambrano, Nelson A Espinoza Lopez, Jason K Blackburn, and Sadie J Ryan. 2019. “Geographic Shifts in Aedes Aegypti Habitat Suitability in Ecuador Using Larval Surveillance Data and Ecological Niche Modeling: Implications of Climate Change for Public Health Vector Control.” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 13 (4): e0007322.


Tan*, L.M., Hoang, T.T.H., Thai, P.Q., Tuan, L.A., Hung, T.T.M., Blackburn, J.K., Anh, D.D. 2019. Injectional anthrax among people who inject drugs and implications for research in Vietnam: a literature review. Vietnam Journal of Preventative Medicine 29 (4): 7 – 19. PDF: Tan injection anthrax


Norris, Michael H, and Jason K Blackburn. 2019. “Linking Geospatial and Laboratory Sciences to Define Mechanisms behind Landscape Level Drivers of Anthrax Outbreaks.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (19): 3747.


Norris, Michael H, Diansy Zincke, Owen P Leiser, Helen W Kreuzer, Ted Hadfield, and Blackburn, Jason K. 2019. “Laboratory Strains of Bacillus Anthracis Lose Their Ability to Rapidly Grow and Sporulate Compared to Wildlife Outbreak Strains.” PLOS ONE 15 (1): e0228270.


Sloyer*, Kristin E, Nathan D Burkett-Cadena, Anni Yang, Joseph L Corn, Stacey L Vigil, Bethany L McGregor, Samantha M Wisely, and Jason K Blackburn. 2019. “Ecological Niche Modeling the Potential Geographic Distribution of Four Culicoides Species of Veterinary Significance in Florida, USA.” PloS One 14 (2): e0206648.


Yang*, Anni, Jocelyn Mullins*, M. N. Van Ert, Richard Bowen, T. L. Hadfield, and J.K. Blackburn. 2019. “Predicting the Geographic Distribution of the Bacillus Anthracis A1.a/Western North America Sub-Lineage for the Continental United States: New Outbreaks, New Genotypes, and New Climate Data.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 102 (2): 392-402. PDF: Yang2020_A1aGARP_supp


Jason K. Blackburn, Holly H. Ganz, Jose Miguel Ponciano, Wendy C. Turner, Sadie J. Ryan, Pauline L. Kamath, Carrie Cizauskas, Kyrre Kausrud, Robert D. Holt, Nils Chr. Stenseth, Wayne M. Getz. 2019. Modeling R0 for pathogens with environmental transmission: animal movements, pathogen populations, and local infectious zones. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16 (6).


Kessler*, W.H., J.K. Blackburn, K.A. Sayler, G.E. Glass. 2019. Estimating the geographic distribution of host seeking adult Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) in Florida. Journal of Medical Entomology 56(1):55-64. PDF: Kessler2018 FL Ticks


McGregor*, B.L., T. STenn, K.A. Sayler, E.M. Blosser, J.K. Blackburn, S.M. Wisely, N.D. Burkett-Cadena. 2019. Host use patterns of Culicodes spp. Bbiting midges at a big game preserve in Florida, USA and implications for the transmission of orbiviruses. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 33(1):110-120. PDF: McGregor2019 midge blood meals


Nekorchuk*, D., L.R. Morris*, V. Asher, D.L. Hunter, S.J. Ryan, J.K. Blackburn. 2019. Potential Bacillus anthracis risk zones for male bison in Southwestern Montana. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 55(1):136-141. PDF: Nekorchuk et al. 2019. Bison RSF


Yang*, A., J.P. Gomez, C.G. Haase, K.M. Proffitt, J.K. Blackburn. 2019. Effects of Brucellosis Serological Status on Physiological Conditions and Behavioral Mechanisms of Southwestern Montana Elk. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 55 (2): 304-315. PDF: 




Chirakul, S., Norris, M.H., Somprasong, N., Pagdepanichkit, S. Shirley, J.F., Borlee, B.R., Lomovskaya, O., Tuanyok, A., and Schweizer, H.P. Role of transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation of PenA β-lactamase and other adaptive mechanisms in acquired Burkholderia pseudomallei β-lactam resistance. Scientific Reports. (2018) 8:10652. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-28843-7. 

Dougherty*, Eric R, Perry de Valpine, Colin J Carlson*, Jason K Blackburn, and Wayne M Getz. 2018. “Commentary to: A Cross-Validation-Based Approach for Delimiting Reliable Home Range Estimates.” Movement Ecology 6 (1): 10.

Gomez, J. P., S. K. Robinson, J. K. Blackburn, and J. M. Ponciano. 2018. An efficient extension of N‐mixture models for multi‐species abundance estimation. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9:340–353.

Gomez, J.P., Nekorchuk*, D., Ryan, S.J, Mao, L., Ponciano, J.M., Blackburn, J.K. 2018. Decoupling environmental effects and host population dynamics for anthrax, a classic reservoir-driven disease. PLOS One.

Leiser, O.P., J.K. Blackburn, T.L. Hadfield, H.W. Kreuzer, D.S. Wunschel, C.J. Bruckner-Lea. 2018. Laboratory strains of Bacillus anthracis exhibit pervasive alteration in expression of proteins related to sporulation under laboratory conditions relative to genetically related wild strains. PLOS One.

Norris, M.H., Khan, M.S., Chirakul, S., Schweizer, H.P. and Tuanyok, A. 2018. Bio-safe outer membrane vesicle vaccines prevent acute lethal glanders in mice. Special Issue: Vaccines Against Chronic and Persistent Bacterial Infections. 6(1), 5. doi: 10.3390/vaccines6010005.

Norris, M.H., Somprasong, N., Schweizer, H.P., Tuanyok, A. 2018. Lipid A remodeling is a patho-adaptive mechanism that impacts lipopolysaccharide recognition and intracellular survival of Burkholderia pseudomallei. Infection and Immunity. (2018) 86:10 e00360-18. doi: 10.1128/IAI.00360-18. PDF: Norris et al. 2018 Infection & Immunity

Weppelman, T.A., Norris, M.H., von Fricken, M.E., Khan, M.S., Okech, B.A., Cannella, A., Schweizer H.P., Sanford, D. and Tuanyok, A. 2018. Serological evidence of previous exposure to Burkholderia pseudomallei in the Ouest and Sud-Est Departments of Haiti. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2018 Nov; 99(5):1222-1228. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.18-0352. PDF: Weppelmann et al. 2018



Dougherty*, E. R., C. J. Carlson*, J. K. Blackburn, and W. M. Getz. 2017a. A cross-validation-based approach for delimiting reliable home range estimates. Movement ecology 5:19.


Dougherty*, E. R., C. J. Carlson*, J. K. Blackburn, and W. M. Getz. 2017b. Correction to: A cross-validation-based approach for delimiting reliable home range estimates. Movement ecology 5:26.


Kracalik*, I., L. Malania, M. Broladze, A. Navdarashvili, P. Imnadze, S. J. Ryan, and J. K. Blackburn. 2017. Changing livestock vaccination policy alters the epidemiology of human anthrax, Georgia, 2000–2013. Vaccine 35:6283–6289 PDF: Kracalik. Changing epidemiology


Kracalik*, I. T., E. Kenu, E. N. Ayamdooh, E. Allegye-Cudjoe, P. N. Polkuu, J. A. Frimpong, K. M. Nyarko, W. A. Bower, R. Traxler, and J. K. Blackburn. 2017. Modeling the environmental suitability of anthrax in Ghana and estimating populations at risk: Implications for vaccination and control. PLoS neglected tropical diseases 11:e0005885.


Mollalo*, A., J. K. Blackburn, L. R. Morris*, and G. E. Glass. 2017. A 24-year exploratory spatial data analysis of Lyme disease incidence rate in Connecticut, USA. Geospatial health 12.


Ngwa*, M. C., A. Young, S. Liang, J. Blackburn, A. Mouhaman, and J. G. Morris Jr. 2017. Cultural influences behind cholera transmission in the Far North Region, Republic of Cameroon: a field experience and implications for operational level planning of interventions. Pan African Medical Journal 28.


Shimwela*, M., J. Blackburn, J. Jones, J. Nkuba, H. Narouei‐Khandan, R. Ploetz, F. Beed, and A. Bruggen. 2017. Local and regional spread of banana Xanthomonas wilt (BXW) in space and time in Kagera, Tanzania. Plant Pathology 66:1003–1014. PDF: Shimwela 2017 local spread

Blackburn J.K., Matakarimov, S., Kozhokeeva, S., Tagaeva, Z., Bell, L.K., Kracalik, I.T., Zhunushov, A. 2017. Modeling the Ecological Niche of Bacillus anthracis to Map Anthrax Risk in Kyrgyzstan. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 96(3): 550-556. PDF: Blackburn GARP Kyrgyz anthrax



*Barro, A.S., M. Fegan, B. Moloney, K. Porter, J. Muller, S. Warner, J.K. Blackburn. 2016. Redefining the Australian Anthrax Belt: modeling the ecological niche and predicting the geographic distribution of Bacillus anthracis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 10(6):e0004689. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004689.


Boswell, K. M., G. Rieucau, J. J. Vollenweider, J. R. Moran, R. A. Heintz, J. K. Blackburn, and D. J. Csepp. 2016. Are spatial and temporal patterns in Lynn Canal overwintering Pacific herring related to top predator activity? Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. PDF: Boswell 2016 whales Lynn Canal


Curtis, A., J. K. Blackburn, S. L. Smiley, M. Yen, A. Camilli, M. T. Alam, A. Ali, and J. G. Morris. 2016. Mapping to Support Fine Scale Epidemiological Cholera Investigations: A Case Study of Spatial Video in Haiti. International journal of environmental research and public health 13:187.


*Morris, L.M., K.M. Proffitt, J.K. Blackburn. 2016. Mapping resource selection functions in wildlife studies: Concerns and recommendations. Applied Geography 76: 173-183. PDF: Morris RSF recommendations


*Morris, L.M. and Blackburn, J.K. 2016Predicting disease risk, identifying stakeholders, and informing control strategies: A case study of anthrax in Montana. EcoHealth 13: 262-273. PDF: Morris Blackburn EcoHealth Anthrax


*Morris, L. R., K. M. Proffitt, V. Asher, and J. K. Blackburn. 2016. Elk resource selection and implications for anthrax management in Montana. Journal of Wildlife Management 80(2): 235-244. PDF: Morris et al. 2016. Bull Elk RSF (w/Supp)


Séraphin, M.N., M. Lauzardo, R.T. Doggett, J. Zabala, J.G. Morris, Jr., J.K. Blackburn. 2016. Spatiotemporal Clustering of Mycobacterium tuberculosisComplex Genotypes in Florida: Genetic Diversity Segregated by Country of Birth. PLoS ONE 11(4): e0153575. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153575


Shimwela, Mpoki M., Randy C. Ploetz, Fen D. Beed, Jeffrey B. Jones, Jason K. Blackburn, Shabani I. Mkulila, and Ariena H. C. van Bruggen. 2016.Banana Xanthomonas Wilt Continues to Spread in Tanzania despite an Intensive Symptomatic Plant Removal Campaign: An Impending Socio-Economic and Ecological Disaster. Food Security, 1–13. PDF: Shimwela 2016 banana wilt

Switzer, A., L. Munson, C. Beesley, P. Wilkins, J.K. Blackburn, Laurie Marker. 2016Namibian farmland cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) demonstrate seronegativity for antibodies against Bacillus anthracisAfrican Journal of Wildlife Research 46 (2) 139-143. PDF: Switzer cheetah serology

Turner, W.C., K.L. Kausrud, W. Beyer, W.R. Easterday, Z.R. Barandongo, E. Blaschke, C.C. Cloete, J. Lazak, M.N.Van Ert, H.H. Ganz, P.C.B. Turnbull, N.Chr. Stenseth, W.M. Getz. 2016. Lethal Exposure: An integrated approach to pathogen transmission via environmental reservoirs. Nature Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 27311 doi: 10.1038/srep27311.




*Barro, A. S., I. T. Kracalik*, L. Malania, N. Tsertsvadze, J. Manvelyan, P. Imnadze, and J. K. Blackburn. 2015. Identifying hotspots of human anthrax transmission using three local clustering techniques. Applied Geography 60:29–36. PDF: Barro et al. AMOEBA anthrax


Blackburn, J. K., I. T. Kracalik*, and J. M. Fair. 2015. Applying Science: opportunities to inform disease management policy with cooperative research within a One Health framework. Frontiers in public health 3.


Blackburn, J. K., M. O. Odugbo, M. Van Ert, B. O’Shea, J. Mullins, V. Perrenten, A. Maho, M. Hugh-Jones, and T. Hadfield. 2015. Bacillus anthracisDiversity and Geographic Potential across Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad: Further Support of a Novel West African Lineage. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 9:e0003931.


Elashvili, E., I. Kracalik*, I. Burjanadze, S. Datukishvili, G. Chanturia, N. Tsertsvadze, L. Beridze, M. Shavishvili, A. Dzneladze, M. Grdzelidze, P. Imnadze, A. Pearson, J.K. Blackburn. 2015. Environmental Monitoring and Surveillance of Rodents and Vectors for Francisella tularensis Following Outbreaks of Human Tularemia in Georgia. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 15:633–636. PDF: Elashvili Tularemia Georgia


*Kracalik, I., L. Malania, P. Imnadze, and J. K. Blackburn. 2015. Human Anthrax Transmission at the Urban–Rural Interface, Georgia. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 93:1156–1159. PDF: Kracalik Urban Rural Anthrax


*Kracalik, I., R. Abdullayev, K. Asadov, R. Ismayilova, M. Baghirova, N. Ustun, M. Shikhiyev, A. Talibzade, and J. Blackburn. 2015 online first. Human Brucellosis Trends: Re‐emergence and Prospects for Control Using a One Health Approach in Azerbaijan (1983–2009). Zoonoses and Public Health 2016 63:294-302. PDF: Kracalik Azerbaijan brucellosis


*Mullins, J. C., M. Ert, T. Hadfield, M. P. Nikolich, M. E. Hugh-Jones, and J. K. Blackburn. 2015. Spatio-temporal patterns of an anthrax outbreak in white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginanus, and associated genetic diversity of Bacillus anthracis. BMC ecology 15:1.


Walker, R., and J. Blackburn. 2015. Biothreat Reduction and Economic Development: The Case of Animal Husbandry in Central Asia. Frontiers in public health 3.




Bezymennyi, M., Bagamian, K.H.p, *Barro, A.g, Skrypnyk, A., Skrypnyk, V., Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Spatio-temporal patterns of livestock anthrax in Ukraine during the past century (1913-2012). Applied Geography 54:129-138. PDF: Bezymennyi Ukraine anthrax


Karoun H. Bagamianp, Artem Skrypnyk, Yana Rodina, Maksym Bezymennyi, Oleg Nevolko,Valeriy Skrypnyk, Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Serological anthrax surveillance in wild boar (Sus scrofa) in Ukraine. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 14(8) 618-620. PDF: Bagamian Ukraine boar anthrax


Blackburn, J.K., Skrypnyk, A., Bagamian, K.p, Nikolich, M., Bezymennyi, M., Skrypnyk, 2014. Anthrax in a backyard domestic dog in Ukraine: a case report. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 14(8): 615-617. PDF: Blackburn dog anthrax Ukraine


Blackburn, J.K., *Diamond, U., *Kracalik, I.T., Widmer, J., Brown, W., *Morrissey, B., Alexander, K.A., Curtis, A., Afsar, A., Morris, Jr., J.G. 2014.Household-level spatio-temporal patterns of incidence of cholera, Haiti, 2011. Emerging Infectious Diseases 20(9):1516-1519.


Blackburn, J.K., Van Ert, M.E., *Mullins, J.C g., Hadfield, T.L., Hugh-Jones, M.E. 2014. The necrophagous fly anthrax transmission pathway: empirical and genetic evidence from wildlife epizootics. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 14(8): 576-583. PDF: Blackburn necrophagous fly transmission


*Kracalik, I.T., Abdullayev, R., Asadov, K., Ismayilova, R., Baghirova, M., Ustun, N., Shikhiyev, M., Talibzade, A., Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Changing patterns of human anthrax in Azerbaijan in the Post-Soviet and preemptive livestock vaccination eras. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases 8(7); e2985. doi:  10.1371/journal.pntd.0002985


Widmer, J., Weppelmann, T., Alam, M., Morrissey, D., Redden, E., Rashid, M., *Diamond, U., Ali, A., de Rochars, V., Blackburn, J.K., Johnson, J.A., Morris, J.G. 2014. Water-Related Infrastructure in a Region of Post-Earthquake Haiti: High Levels of Fecal contamination, and Need for Ongoing Monitoring. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Published online July 28, 2014, pii: 14-0165. PDF: Widmer Water Quality Haiti


Blackburn, J.K., Hadfield, T.L., Curtis, A.J., Hugh-Jones, M.E. 2014. Spatial and temporal patterns of anthrax in white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, and hematophagous flies in west Texas during the summertime anthrax risk period. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 104(5):939-958. PDF: Blackburn Tabanids Annals


Blackburn, J.K., Asher, V., Stokke, S., Hunter, D.L, Alexander, K.A. 2014. Dances with anthrax: wolves (Canis lupus) kill anthrax bacteremic bison in southwestern Montana. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 50(2): 393-936. PDF: Blackburn wolf anthrax


Patrick J Kelly, Helene M Lucas, Craig M Randolph, Kate Ackerson, Jason K Blackburn, Michael J Dark. 2014. Efficacy of slow-release tags impregnated with aggregation-attachment pheromone and deltamethrin for control of Amblyomma variegatum on St. Kitts, West Indies. Parasites and Vectors 7:182.

Kracalik, I.T., Malania, L., Tsertsvadze, N., Manvelyan, J., Bakanidze, L., Imnadze, P., Tsanava, S., Blackburn, J.K. 2014. Human Cutaneous Anthrax in the Country of Georgia 2010-2012. Emerging Infectious Diseases 20(2): 261-264.


Skrypnyk, V., R. Koziy, A. Skrypnyk, I. Rublenko, K. H. Bagamianp, J. Farlow, M. Nikolich, A. Mezhenskiy, O. Nevolko, J.K. Blackburn. 2014. Anthrax in dogs. уча СучаССні наукові розробки 1:14-17. PDF: Skrypnyk Dog Anthrax Ukraine




Alexander, K.A. and Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Overcoming barriers in evaluating outbreaks of diarrheal disease in resource poor settings: assessment of recurrent outbreaks in Chobe District, Botswana. BMC Public Health. 13:775.


Bagamian, K., Alexander, K.A., Hadfield, T.L., Blackburn, J.K. 2013. ANTE- AND POSTMORTEM DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES FOR ANTHRAX: RETHINKING PATHOGEN EXPOSURE AND THE GEOGRAPHIC EXTENT OF THE DISEASE IN WILDLIFE. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(4): 786-801. PDF: Bagamian anthrax serology review


Blackburn, J.K. and D.G. Goodin. 2013. Differentiation of Springtime Vegetation Indices Associated with Summer Anthrax Epizootics in West Texas, USA, Deer. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 49(3): 699-703. PDF: Blackburn Goodin NDVI


Blackburn, J.K. 2013. A need for a One Health approach to anthrax surveillance and control. One Health Newsletter 6(1): Winter volume. Florida Department of Public Health. Available online. PDF: Blackburn one health anthrax


Curtis, A., J.K. Blackburn, J. Widmer, J.G. Morris. 2013. A ubiquitous method for street scale spatial data collection and analysis in challenging urban environments: mapping health risks using spatial video in Haiti. International Journal of Health Geographics 12:21 doi:10.1186/1476-072-12-21.


Kracalik, I.T., Malania, L., Tsertsvadze, N., Manvelyan, J., Bakanidze, L., Imnadze, P., Tsanava, S., Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Evidence of local persistence of human anthrax in the country of Georgia associated with environmental and anthropogenic factors. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.


Mamisashvili, M., Kracalik, I.T., Onashvili, T., Kerdzevadze, L., Goginashvili, K., Tigilauri, T., Donduashvili, M., Nikolaishvili, M., Beradze, I., Zakareishvili, M., Kokhreidze, M., Gelashvili, M., Vepkhvadze, N., Racz, S.E., Elzer, P.H., Nikolich, M.P., Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Seroprevalence of brucellosis in livestock within three endemic regions of the country of Georgia. Preventative Veterinary Medicine 110: 554-557. First published online 2012. 


Morris, J.G., Grattan, L.M., Mayer, B.M., Blackburn, J.K. 2013. Physcological Responses and Resilience of People and Communities Impacted by the Deep Water Horizon Oil Spill. Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association 124: 191-201.  


Morris, L.R., Blackburn, J.K., Talibzade, A., Kracalik, I.T., Ismaylova, R., Abdullayhev, R. 2013. Informing Plague Surveillance in the Lowland Plague Focus of Azerbaijan Using a Historic Dataset. Journal of Applied Geography 45:269-279. PDF: Morris Plague Azerbaijan


Mullins, JC, Garofolo, G, Van Ert, M, Fasanella, A, Luknova, L, Hugh-Jones, ME, Blackburn, JK. 2013. Ecological Niche Modeling of Bacillus anthracis on Three Continents: Evidence for Genetic-Ecological Divergence? PLoS ONE 8(8): e72451. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0072451




Abdullayev, R., I. T. Kracalik, R. Ismayilova, N. Ustun, A. Talibzade, and J. K. Blackburn. 2012. Analyzing the spatial and temporal distribution of human brucellosis in Azerbaijan (1995-2009) using spatial and spatio-temporal statistics. BMC Infectious Diseases 12:185.


Alexander, K. A., J. K. Blackburn, M. E. Vandewalle, R. Pesapane, E. K. Baipoledi, and P. H. Elzer. 2012. Buffalo, Bush Meat, and the Zoonotic Threat of Brucellosis in Botswana. PloS one 7:e32842.


Alexander, K. A., B. Lewis, M. Marathe, S. Eubank, and J. K. Blackburn. 2012. Modeling of Wildlife Associated Zoonoses: Applications and Caveats. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases. PDF: Alexander Modeling Spillover


Bagamian, K. H., R. J. Douglass, A. Alvarado, A. J. Kuenzi, B. R. Amman, L. A. Waller, and J. N. Mills. 2012. Population Density and Seasonality Effects on Sin Nombre Virus Transmission in North American Deermice (Peromyscus maniculatus) in Outdoor Enclosures. PloS one 7:e37254.


Bagamian, K. H., J. S. Towner, A. J. Kuenzi, R. J. Douglass, P. E. Rollin, L. A. Waller, and J. N. Mills. 2012b. Transmission Ecology of Sin Nombre Hantavirus in Naturally Infected North American Deermouse Populations in Outdoor Enclosures. PloS one 7:e47731.


Carver, S., A. Kuenzi, K. H. Bagamian, J. N. Mills, P. E. Rollin, S. N. Zanto, and R. Douglass. 2011. A temporal dilution effect: hantavirus infection in deer mice and the intermittent presence of voles in Montana. Oecologia 166:713-721.


Fasanella, A., G. Garofolo, M. Hossain, M. Shamsuddin, J. Blackburn, and M. Hugh-Jones. 2012. Bangladesh anthrax outbreaks are probably caused by contaminated livestock feed. Epidemiology and Infection 1:1-8. PDF: Fasanella Bangladesh Anthrax


Kracalik, I. T., J. K. Blackburn, L. Lukhnova, Y. Pazilov, M. E. Hugh-Jones, and A. Aikimbayev. 2012. Analyzing the spatial patterns of livestock anthrax in Kazakhstan in relation to environmental factors: a comparison of local (Gi*) and morphology cluster statistics. Geospatial health 7(1):111-126.




Alexander, K. A., J. K. Blackburn, and E. A. Frimpong. 2011. Trails and Tribulations-Buffalo and Maslow’s hammer. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9:302-303. PDF: Alexander Maslow's Hammer


Kracalik, I., L. Lukhnova, A. Aikimbayev, Y. Pazilov, G. Temiralyeva, and J. K. Blackburn. 2011. Incorporating retrospective clustering into a prospective cusum methodology for anthrax: Evaluating the effects of disease expectation. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology 2:11-21. PDF: Kracalik CUSUM


Lentz, J. A., J. K. Blackburn, and A. J. Curtis. 2011. Evaluating patterns of a white-band disease (WBD) outbreak in Acropora palmata using spatial analysis: a comparison of transect and colony clustering. PloS one 6:e21830.


Mullins, J., L. Lukhnova, A. Aikimbayev, Y. Pazilov, M. Van Ert, and J. K. Blackburn. 2011. Ecological Niche Modelling of the Bacillus anthracis A1. a sub-lineage in Kazakhstan. BMC Ecology 11.




Aikembayev, A. M., L. Lukhnova, G. Temiraliyeva, T. Meka-Mechenko, Y. Pazylov, S. Zakaryan, G. Denissov, W. R. Easterday, M. N. Van Ert, P. Keim, S. C. Francesconi, J. K. Blackburn, M. E. Hugh-Jones, and T. L. Hadfield. 2010. Historical distribution and molecular diversity of Bacillus anthracis, Kazakhstan. Emerging Infectious Diseases 16:789-796.


Blackburn, J. 2010. Integrating geographic information systems and ecological niche modeling into disease ecology: a case study of Bacillus anthracis in the United States and Mexico. Pages 59-88 in E. W. S. K.P. O’Connell, A. Sulakvelidze, L. Bakanidze, editor. Emerging and Endemic Pathogens: Advances in Surveillance, Detection, and Identification. Springer. PDF: Blackburn anthrax modeling


Blackburn, J., A. Curtis, T. Hadfield, B. O’Shea, M. Mitchell, and M. Hugh-Jones. 2010. Confirmation of Bacillus anthracis from Flesh-eating Flies Collected during a West Texas Anthrax Season. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 46:918. PDF: Blackburn necrophagous confirmation


Blackburn, J., M. Mitchell, M. Blackburn, A. Curtis, and B. Thompson. 2010. Evidence of Antibiotic Resistance in Free-Swimming, Top-Level Marine Predatory Fishes. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 41:7-16. PDF: Blackburn sharks antibiotic resistance


Blackburn, J. K. 2010. A Review of “HIV/AIDS Global Frontiers in Prevention/Intervention”. Professional Geographer 62:292-293. PDF: Blackburn book review


Joyner, T., L. Lukhnova, Y. Pazilov, G. Temiralyeva, M. Hugh-Jones, A. Aikimbayev, and J. Blackburn. 2010. Modeling the potential distribution of bacillus anthracis under multiple climate change scenarios for Kazakhstan. PloS one 5:e9596.