Posts tagged as

Plant Pathology

A Brief Evaluation of Copper Resistance Mobile Genetic Island in the Bacterial Leaf Spot Pathogen, Xanthomonas euvesicatoria pv. perforans

Due to the continuous use of copper containing bactericides without effective alternative bactericides, copper resistance has become more prevalent in plant pathogens, including Xanthomonas euvesicatoria pv. perforans (formerly Xanthomonas perforans), a predominant cause of bacterial leaf spot disease of tomato and pepper in the Southeastern United States.

Exploring diversity of bacterial spot associated Xanthomonas population of pepper in Southwest Florida

Bacterial spot caused by spp. is a significant disease that challenges pepper growers worldwide and is particularly severe in a hot and humid environment. Understanding the pathogen’s population biology is critical for sustainable disease management. The goal of this study was to characterize the species, race, and bactericide sensitivity of bacterial spot-associated Xanthomonas collected from pepper in Florida.

First report of Bipolaris sorokiniana leaf spot disease on watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) in Florida

Watermelon is an important crop in Florida, representing $88.2 million in cash receipts in 2015 (USDA/NASS 2017). In April and May 2021, the UF/IFAS Plant Diagnostic Center in Gainesville, Florida received eight diseased watermelon leaf samples from Alachua, Gilcrest, Levy, and Suwannee counties in Florida. Lesions were round to oblong, light gray to tan with reddish brown margins and white to light gray center, and some were coalescing resulting in about 15% disease severity.

Probing plant infections

A UF professor deploys unusual methods in the field to investigate bacteria that infect tomato and pepper crops.

Epidemiology of citrus greening

UF/EPI mathematical disease modeler Burton Singer has coauthored a book chapter reviewing the epidemiology of citrus greening.

Eggplant’s newest pathogenic fungus

A known pathogenic fungus, so far only reported to cause disease in two crops, has ensnared a third victim: eggplants. UF plant pathologists affiliated with both UF’s Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and the EPI, were the first to describe Lasiodiplodia hormozganensis’s jump to a new host.

Lethal bronzing spreads to new palm hosts, counties

A new study adds four additional species to the growing list of palm trees susceptible to lethal bronzing disease, for a revised total of 16. Researchers with UF’s Emerging Pathogens Institute and the Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences sampled hundreds of palms in Florida to identify the new hosts, all of which are common ornamentals found throughout central and southern portions of the state. They also found the disease has spread to eight new counties.

Global crop surveillance system, bulwark against disease

proposed global surveillance system would act as a bulwark against diseases that threaten food crops. UF plant pathologist Karen Garrett, who is affiliated with both IFAS and the EPI, coauthored a policy paper in Science outlining a visionary system that would link existing local and national programs to identify, predict, monitor and mitigate outbreaks of emerging crop diseases.