Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are the most prevalent bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) globally. Despite frequent co-infections in patients, few studies have investigated how mono-infections may differ from co-infections.
The overall prevalence of tick-borne infections is increasing globally, due to the expansion of tick populations into new geographic regions and increased human exposure as a result of environmental and climatic changes.
Marine bivalves are important for ecosystem health and support valuable fisheries, but with increasing human consumption they are also an important aquaculture commodity. While only 11% of bivalve production comes from wild caught fisheries, 89% (17.7 million tonnes) is produced through aquaculture.
Phytophthora cactorum is the most common causal agent of Phytophthora crown rot and leather rot of strawberry, but P. nicotianae is also responsible for the disease in Florida. Studies of P. nicotianae populations suggested different groups of genotypes are associated with different hosts.
Dengue fever is expanding as a global public health threat including countries within Africa. For the past few decades, Cameroon has experienced sporadic cases of arboviral infections including dengue fever.
Tuberculosis (TB) preventive therapy (TPT) is an effective strategy to eliminate TB in low-incidence settings. Shorter TPT regimens incorporating the antimicrobial class of rifamycins are designed to improve adherence and completion rates but carry the risk of modifications to the gut microbiota.
The emergence of pyrethroid-resistant mosquitoes is a worldwide problem that necessitates further research into the development of new repellents and insecticides. This study explored the modification of existing pyrethroid acids to identify structural motifs that might not be affected by kdr active site mutations that elicit pyrethroid resistance.
Local cell densities and positioning within cellular monolayers and stratified epithelia have important implications for cell interactions and the functionality of various biological processes.
Though bonds with pets can be health-promoting for people with HIV (PWH), recent studies indicate that owning pets may complicate healthcare access, especially for those with fewer economic resources, poorer social support, and a strong human-animal bond.
The impact of different stress conditions on the oncogenic Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) primary infection that can occur in vivo remains largely unknown. We hypothesized that KSHV can establish a latency or lytic cycle following de novo infection, depending on the conditions of the cellular environment.